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Abbreviations in the 1913 Webster Unabridged Dictionary

a

a.
adjective
abbrev.
abbreviated
abl.
ablative
acc.
accusative
act.
active
adj.
adjective
adv.
adverb
aor.
aorist
aug.
augmentative

A

Abp.
Archbishop
Acous.
Acoustics
Agric.
Agriculture
Alban.
Albanian
Alg.
Algebra
Am.
Amos
Am. Cyc.
Appleton's American Cyclopedia
Am., Amer.
America, American
Anal. Geom.
Analytical Geometry
Anat.
Anatomy
Anc.
Ancient, anciently
Angl. Ch.
Anglican Church
Antiq.
Aniquities
Ar.
Arabic
Arch.
Architecture
Arch. Pub. Soc.
Architectural Pub. Society
Arith.
Arithmetic
Arm., Armor.
Armorican
AS.
Anglo-Saxon
Astrol.
Astrology
Astron.
Astronomy

B

B. & Fl.
Beaumont & Fletcher
B. Jon.
Ben Jonson
Bank.
Banking
Beau. & Fl.
Beaumont & Fletcher
Bib.
Biblical
Bib. Sacra
Bibliotheca Sacra
Bibliog.
Bibliography
Biol.
Biology
Bisc.
Biscayan
Bk. of Com. Prayer
Book of Common Prayer
Blackw. Mag.
Blackwood's Magazine
Bohem.
Bohemian
Bot.
Botany, botanical
Bp.
Bishop
Brande & C.
Brande & Cox
Braz.
Brazilian
Brit. Critic
British Critic
Brit. Quar. Rev.
British Quarterly Review
Burl.
Burlesque

C

C.
Centigrade
Cant.
Canticles (Song of Solomon)
Carp.
Carpentry
Catal.
Catalan
Cath. Dict.
Catholic Dictionary
Celt.
Celtic
Ch.
Church
Ch. Hist.
Church History
Chald.
Chaldee
Chem.
Chemistry
Chin.
Chinese
Chron.
Chronology, Chronicles
Civ.
Civil
Class.
Classical
Class. Myth.
Classical Mythology
Col.
Colossians
Com.
Commerce, Common
Con. Sect.
Conic Sections
Copt.
Coptic
Corn.
Cornish
Cotgr.
Cotgrave
Crim. Law
Criminal Law
Crystallog.
Crystallography
Cyc.
Cyclopedia
Cyc. Med.
Cyclopedia of Practical Medicine

c

cf.
confer
colloq., coll.
colloquial, colloquially
comp.
compound, compounded, composition
compar.
comparative
conj.
conjunction
contr.
contracted, contraction
corrupt.
corrupted, corruption

D

D.
Dutch (sometimes Daniel)
Dan.
Danish
Deut.
Deuteronomy
Dial.
Dialectic
Diosc.
dioscorides
Disp.
Dispensatory
Disus.
Disused
Dom. Econ.
Domestic Economy
Dublin Univ. Mag.
Dublin University Magazine
Dyn.
Dynamics

d

dat.
dative
def.
definitions
dim.
diminutive

E

E.
English
Eccl.
Ecclesiastical, Ecclesiastes
Eccl. Hist.
Ecclesiastical History
Ecclus.
Ecclesiasticus
Eclec. Rev.
Eclectic Review
Ed. Rev.
Edinburgh Review
Egypt.
Egyptian
Elect.
Electricity, Electrical
Encyc.
Encyclopedia
Encyc. Amer.
Encyclopedia Americana
Encyc. Crit.
Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyc. Dict.
Hunter's Encyclopedic Dictionary
Eng.
England, English
Eng. Cyc.
English Cyclopedia
Engin.
Engineering
Eol.
Eolic
Eph.
Ephesians
Ephes.
Ephesians
Esd.
Esdras
Etch. & Eng.
Etching & Engraving
Ethnol.
Ethnology
Ex.
Exodus
Exod.
Exodus
Ezek.
Ezekiel

e

e. g.
From the Latin exemplia gratia meaning (for example)
emph.
emphatic
equiv.
equivalent
esp.
especially
etym.
etymology
etymol.
etymology

F

F.
French
Fahr.
Fahrenheit
Far.
Farriery
Feud.
Feudal
Fig.
Figurative, figuratively
Fin.
Finnish
For. Quart. Rev.
Foreign Quarterly Review
Fort.
Fortification
Fr.
French
Fries.
Friesic

f

fem.
feminine
freq.
frequentative
fut.
future

G

G.
German
Gael.
Gaelic
Gal.
Galen
Galv.
Galvanism
Geneal.
Genealogy
Gent. Mag.
Gentleman's Magazine
Geog.
Geography
Geol.
Geology
Geom.
Geometry
Ger.
Germanic or German
Gk.
Greek
Goth.
Gothic
Gov. of Tongue
Government of the Tongue
Gr.
Greek
Gram.
Grammar
Gris.
Grisons
Gun.
Gunnery

g

gen.
generally, genitive

H

H.
High
Hab.
Habakkuk
Hag.
Haggai
Ham. Nav. Encyc.
Hamersly's Naval Encyclopedia
Heb.
Hebrew
Her.
Heraldry
Hind.
Hindostanee
Hipp.
Hippocrates
Hist.
History
Horol.
Horology
Hort.
Horticulture
Hung.
Hungarian
Hydraul.
Hydraulics
Hydros.
Hydrostatics

h

hypoth.
hypothetical

i

i. e.
From the Latin id est meaning (that is)
i. q.
From the Latin idem quod meaning (the same as)
imp.
imperfect
incho.
inchoative
ind.
indicative
indef.
indefinite
inf.
infinitive
intens.
intensive
interj.
interjection

I

Icel.
Icelandic
Illust.
Illustration, Illustrated
Imp. Dict.
Imperial Dictionary
Internat. Cyc.
International Cyclopeia
Ion.
Ionic
Ir.
Irish
Is.
Isaiah
Isa.
Isaiah
It.
Italian

J

Jap.
Japanese
Jas.
James
Jav.
Javanese
Jer.
Jeremiah
Join.
Joinery
Josh.
Joshua
Judg.
Judges

K

K.
Kings

L

L.
Latin
Lam.
Lamentations
Lapp.
Lappish
Lat.
Latin
LD.
Low Dutch
Lett.
Lettish
Lev.
Leviticus
LG.
Low German also known as Low Saxon (Plattdüütsch, Nedderdüütsch, Standard German Plattdeutsch, Niederdeutsch; Dutch Nedersaksisch in the wider sense) is any of the regional language varieties of the West Germanic languages spoken mainly in northern Germany and the eastern part of the Netherlands. The historical sprachraum also includes contemporary northern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia and a part of southern Lithuania, the German speakers of which were expelled after the post-World War II boundary changes. The former German communities in the Baltic states (see Baltic Germans) did also speak Low German. Moreover, Low German was the Lingua Franca of the Hanseatic League.
LGr.
Low Greek
Linn.
Linn
Lit.
Literature
Lit., lit.
Literally, literally
Lith.
Lithuanian
LL.
Late Latin

M

M.
Middle
Maced.
Macedonian
Mach.
Machinery
Mad.
Madam
Mag.
Magazine
Mal.
Malachi
Malay.
Malayan
Man.
Man
Manuf.
Manufacturing
Mar.
Maritime
Math.
Mathematics, Mathematical
Matt.
Matthew
ME.
Middle English
Mech.
Mechanic
Med.
Medicine
Metal.
Metallurgy
Metaph.
Metaphysics
Meteor.
Meteorolgy
MHG.
Middle High German
Micros.
Microscopy
Mil.
Military
Min.
Mineralogy
Mir. for Mag.
Mirror for Magistrates
MLG.
Middle Low German, a language that is the descendant of Old Saxon and is the ancestor of modern Low German. It served as the international lingua franca of the Hanseatic League. It was spoken from about 1100 to 1600.
Moham.
Mohammedan
Mozley & W.
Mozley & Whiteley
Mus.
Music
Myst.
Mysteries
Myth.
Mythology

m

m., masc.
masculine
mgr.
milligrams

N

N.
New
N. Brit. Rev.
North British Review
Nat. Hist.
Natural History
Nat. ord.
Natural order
Naut.
Nautical
Nav.
Navy
Navig.
Navigation
Neh.
Nehemiah
New Am. Cyc.
New American Cyclopedia
New Month. Mag.
New Monthly Magazine
NF.
New French
NGr.
Mew Greek
NHeb.
New Hebrew
NL.
New Latin
Norm. F.
Norman French
North Am. Rev.
North American Review
Norw.
Norwegian
Num.
Numbers
Numis.
Numismatics

n

neut.
neuter
nom.
nominative

O

O.
Old
Ob.
Obadiah
Obsoles.
Obsolescent
OCelt.
Old Celtic
OD.
Old Dutch
ODan.
Old Danish
OE.
Old English
OF.
Old French
OFelm.
Old Flemish
OFries.
Old Frisian (Old Friesic)
Ofris.
Old Frisian (Old Friesic)
OGael.
Old Gaelic
OGr.
Old Greek
OHG.
Old High German
OIcel.
Old Icelandic
OIr
Old Irish
OIt.
Old Italian
OL.
Old Latin
OLG.
Old Low German
Olr.
Old Irish
ON.
Old Norse
OPer.
Old Persian
OPg.
Old Portuguese
OPol.
Old Polish
Opt.
Optics
Ornith.
Ornithology
OS.
Old Saxon
OSlav.
Old Slavic
OSp.
Old Spanish
Oxf. Gloss.
Oxford Glossary of Architecture

o

obs.
obsolete
orig.
original, originally

p

p.
participle, page
p. a.
participial adjective
p.p.
past participle
p.pr., p.ple.
present participle
pass.
passive
perh.
perhaps
pers.
person
pl.
plural
pp.
pages
prep.
preposition
pres.
present
pret.
preterit
prin.
principally
priv.
privative
prob.
probably
pron.
Pronunciation, pronounced, pronoun
prop.
properly
prov.
provincial

P

P. Cyc.
Penny Cyclopedia
P. Plowman
Piers Plowman
Paint.
Painting
Paleon.
Paleontology
Pathol.
Pathology
Per.
Persian
Persp.
Perspective
Pert.
Pertaining
Peruv.
Peruvian
Pet.
Peter
Pg.
Portuguese
Pharm.
Pharmacy, Pharmacop
Phil.
Phillipians
Philem.
Philemon
Philol.
Philology
Philos.
Philosophy
Phon.
Phonetics
Photog.
Photography
Photom.
Photometry
Phren.
Phrenology
Phys.
Physics
Phys. Sci.
Physical Science
Physiol.
Physiology
Poet.
Poetry, Poetical
Pol.
Polish
Pol. Econ.
Political Economy
Polit. Econ.
Political Economy
Pop. Sci. Monthly
Polular Science Monthly
Pr.
Proven
Pref.
Preface
Print.
Printing
Pros.
Prosody
Ps., Psa.
Psalms
Pyro.-elect.
Pyro-electricity

q

q. v.
From the Latin quod vide meaning (which see)

Q

Quart. Rev.
Quarterly Review

R

R.
Rare
R. C.
Roman Catholic
R. C. Ch.
Roman Catholic Church
R. of Brunne
Robert of Brunne
R. of Gl.
Robert of Gloucester
Rep. Sec. of War
Report of Secretary of War
Rev.
Revelation
Rev. Ver.
Revised Version (of the Bible)
Rhet.
Rhetoric
Rom.
Roman, Romans
Rom. Cath.
Roman Catholic
Rom. of R.
Romaunt of the Rose
Rpts.
reports
Russ.
Russian

S

Sam.
Samaritan
Sat. Rev.
Saturday Review
Sax.
Saxon
Scand.
Scandinavian
Sci.
Science
Sci. Am.
Scientific American
Scot.
Scotland, Scottish
Script.
Scripture, Scriptural
Sculp.
Sculpture
Serb
Serbian
Serv.
Servian
Shak.
Shakespeare
Skr.
Sanskrit
Slav.
Slavonic
Sp.
Spanish
Specif.
Specifically
Stat.
Statuary
Surg.
Surgery
Surv.
Surveying
Sw.
Swedish
Syd. Soc. Lex.
Sydenham Society Lexicon
Syn.
Synonyms
Synop.
Synopsis
Syr.
Syriac

s

sc.
From the Latin scilicet meaning (being understood)
sing.
singular
subj.
subjunctive
superl.
superlative

T

Tart.
Tartaric
Teleg.
Telegraphy
Test.
Testament
Theol.
Theology
Thes.
Thessalonians
Tim.
Timothy
Todd & B.
Todd & Bowman
Trans.
Translation
Treas.
Treasury
Trig.
Trigonometry
Turk.
Turkish
Typog.
Typography

t

term.
termination

U

U. S.
United States
U. S. Disp.
United States Dispensatory
U. S. Int. Rev. Statutes
United States Internal Revenue Statutes
U. S. Pharm.
United States Pharmacop
Univ.
University
Up.
Upper

u

usu.
usually

v

v.
verb
v.i.
intransitive verb
v.t.
transitive verb
var.
variety
vb.n.
verbal noun

V

Veter.
Veterinary
Vitr.
Vitruvius

W

W.
Welsh
Wall.
Wallachian
Westm. Cat.
Westminster Catechism
Westm. Rev.
Westminster Review

Z

Zech.
Zechariah
Zeph.
Zephaniah
Zo
Zo

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